Children’s Health Insurance Program – CHIP

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A program established in 1997 and reauthorized in 2009 which is administered by states and funded through a combination of federal and state payments. CHIP allows states to provide health insurance (known as child health assistance) to uninsured “targeted” low-income children. States also may provide coverage to targeted low-income pregnant women. State CHIP programs can establish state CHIP plans as separately administered programs, Medicaid expansions, or a combination of the two. Unlike Medicaid, the CHIP program caps federal funds available to states and must periodically be reauthorized.

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